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 * COPYRIGHT NOTICE: This file contains original source code from the
 * Jenarix (TM) Library, Copyright (C) 2007-8 by Warren L. Delano of
 * DeLano Scientific LLC, Palo Alto, California, United States.
 * Please see the accompanying LICENSE file for further information.
 * All rights not explicitly granted in that LICENSE file are
 * reserved.  It is unlawful to modify or remove this notice.
 * TRADEMARK NOTICE: Jenarix is a Trademark of DeLano Scientific LLC.
#ifndef _H_ov_status
#define _H_ov_status

   Maintenance of status is a major headache in C due to the lack of
   exception handling.  Basically, every function call lacking default
   failsafe behavior must check for errors and handle them

   To minimize this headache, the following patterns are being

   - A fallible C function must either return a status code or exhibit
     failsafe behavior.  It is never acceptable leak memory or crash.

   - Negative return status codes indicate an error condition whereas
     zero or positive return status codes imply success and may convey
     additional information.

   - An example of failsafe behavior would be a function that returns
     a pointer on success or NULL on failure, or a function which
     performs an integer computation but simply returns zero when an
     error occurs.  In both cases, if the caller cares about knowing
     when an error occurs, then the caller should use an alternate
     function with explicit error checking.  

   - Internally, implementations of fallible functions typically
     maintain a variable named 'status' that is initialized to
     OV_STATUS_SUCCESS (or OV_STATUS_FAILURE) and are then updated as
     appropriate throughout the function to keep track of progress.

   - OV_OK and OV_ERR macros provide a convient way of testing status
     returned from calls (but watch out for short-circuit behavior!)

     if(OV_OK( status = fn_call(...) )) { ... }

   - OV_PTR macro provides a convenient way of generating status based
     on confirming that one or more pointers are not NULL pointers:

     if(OV_OK( status = OV_PTR(ptr) )) {  ... } 

     if(OV_OK( status = OV_PTR(ptr1 && ptr2 && ptr3) )) { ... }


/* macros for interpreting status results: */

#define OV_OK(s) ((s)>=0)
#define OV_ERR(s) ((s)<0)

/* asserting non-NULL pointer */

#define OV_PTR(p) ( (p) ? OV_SUCCESS : OV_STATUS_NULL_PTR )

/* successful returns are always >=0, and function or method results
   (if any) must be valid */


/* default success status is also passively negative */

#define OV_STATUS_YES     1

/* error returns are always <0 */

#define OV_STATUS_FAILURE                     -1
#define OV_STATUS_NULL_PTR                    -2

/* status codes below this number are dynamic exception identifiers
   which consume resources owned by the local environment
   (e.g. ov_node) */

#define OV_STATUS_EXCEPTION_START         -1024

/* convenience aliases */

#define OV_NO   OV_STATUS_NO


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